Kaliningrad: facts & figures
Kaliningrad is a centre of the Russian Kaliningrad region, which occupies a large part of what used to be German East Prussia. Kaliningrad is a seaport city and is a Russian exclave that is geographically separated from the rest of Russia by Lithuania to the east and Poland to the west.
The Kaliningrad region covers an area of 15,000 square kilometers and borders Poland, Lithuania and the Baltic Sea. In contrast to the south-eastern part of the region, the area around the city is relatively low-lying, although the northern part is located on a small hill, rather grandly named the Northern Mount. The river Pregolya (Pregel, in German) runs from east to west of the region through the centre of the city, flowing into the Vistula Lagoon. Pregolya is the longest river in the Kaliningrad region (its length is 123 km) and flows through not only Kaliningrad but also Chernyakhovsk, Znamensk and Gvardeisk. It starts as a confluence of the Instruch and the Angrapa rivers and falls out into the Baltic Sea through the Vistula Lagoon.
Kaliningrad has a number of lakes and ponds, some of which are natural and some manmade (as part of the city fortifications); also, there are many parks and other places, where you can walk and relax. Baltiysk is a seaport town, which is located in the northern part of the Vistula Spit, separating the Vistula Lagoon from Gdansk Bay. It is the westernmost town of Russia and is also a home to the Russian Baltic Fleet.
Kaliningrad is closer to Berlin or Prague than to Moscow or St. Petersburg
The closest large cities are found in neighbouring
Poland and Lithuania.
The population of Kaliningrad amounts to a little less than 500,000 inhabitants, not including the residents of the surrounding area who each day travel to Kaliningrad to work. Most of the population are Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian, although there are also Armenian,
Tatar, Lithuanian, Polish and German minorities. The number of immigrants from the southern republics of the former Soviet Union is much lower than in St. Petersburg and Moscow.